Rifle Shooting Merit Badge Requirements and Worksheet


Rifle Shooting Merit Badge

Rifle Shooting Merit Badge

  1. Do the following:
    1. Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.
    2. Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's firearm(s).
    3. Explain the need for, and use and types of, eye and hearing protection.
    4. Give the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.
    5. Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.
    6. Obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state. Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition.
    7. Identify and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.
    8. Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.
    9. Give to your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their uses.
  2. Do ONE of the following options:
    Option A - Rifle Shooting (Modern Cartridge Type)
    1. Identify the three main parts of a rifle, and tell how they function.
    2. Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.
    3. Identify the two types of cartridges, their parts, and how they function.
    4. Explain to your counselor what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
    5. Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.
    6. Identify and explain each rule for safe shooting.
    7. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a rifle from the benchrest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.
    8. Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning a rifle, and identify the materials needed.
    9. Demonstrate how to clean a rifle properly and safely.
    10. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a rifle.
    11. Using a .22 caliber rimfire rifle and shooting from a benchrest or supported prone position at 50 feet, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter. Using these targets, explain how to adjust sights to zero.
    12. Adjust sights to center the group on the target and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score:
      1. A-32 targets : 9;
      2. A-17 or TQ-1 targets : 7;
      3. A-36 targets : 5.
        • Note: It is not always practical to adjust the sights (i.e.' when using a borrowed fixed-sight rifle). For requirement 2l, you may demonstrate your ability to use the shooting fundamentals by shooting five shot groups (five shots per group) in which all shots can be covered by a quarter and then explain how to adjust the sights to zero the rifle.

    Option B - Air Rifle Shooting (BB or Pellet)

    1. Identify the three main parts of an air rifle, and tell how they function.
    2. Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.
    3. Identify the two most common types of air rifle ammunition.
    4. Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.
    5. Identify and explain each rule for shooting an air rifle safely.
    6. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a target from the benchrest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.
    7. Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning an air rifle, and identify the materials needed.
    8. Demonstrate how to clean an air rifle safely.
    9. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting an air rifle.
    10. Using a BB gun or pellet air rifle and shooting from a bench rest or supported prone position at 15 feet for BB guns or 33 feet for air rifles, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter.
    11. Adjust sights to center the group on the target and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score:
      1. BB rifle at 15 feet or 5 meters using TQ-5 targets : 8;
      2. pellet air rifle at 25 feet using TQ-5 target : 8, at 33 feet or 10 meters using AR-1 targets : 6.

    Option C - Muzzleloading Rifle Shooting

    1. Discuss a brief history of the development of muzzleloading rifles.
    2. Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock rifles and discuss how they function.
    3. Demonstrate and discuss the safe handling rules of muzzleloading rifles.
    4. Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper use.
    5. Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.
    6. Discuss proper components of a load.
    7. Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzleloading rifle.
    8. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzleloading rifle on a range, including range procedures.
    9. Shoot a target with a muzzleloading rifle using the five fundamentals of firing a shot.
    10. Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely. Using these materials, demonstrate how to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely.
    11. Identify the causes of a muzzleloading rifle's failure to fire and explain or demonstrate proper correction procedures.
    12. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a muzzleloading rifle.
    13. Using a muzzleloading rifle of .45 or .50 caliber and shooting from a bench rest or supported prone position, fire three groups (three shots per group) at 50 feet that can be covered by the base of a standard-size soft drink can.
    14. Center the group on the target and fire three groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score:
      1. at 25 yards using NRA A-23 or NMLRA 50-yard targets : 7;
      2. at 50 yards using NRA A-25 or NMLRA 100-yard targets : 7.


Rifle Shooting Worksheet



Comments:
 Aug 14, 2012 - Charles Huff
The shooting requirements do not indicate whether you can use a scoped rifle or whether you must use iron sights.
Hoping for an answer so we can get my grandson qualified.
Thanks
Aug 14, 2012 - Scouter Paul
If the merit badge pamphlet has no restrictions against it, then using a scope is ok.  
Jun 23, 2013 - Tom Thompson
I would strongly recommend, that iron sights be used. Either open or receiver sights. These are the foundation of learning basic rifle marksmanship
Jun 27, 2013 - Yukon Jack
As an NRA Certified Instructor (which the BSA recognizes as a rangemaster, lane safety, and merit badge councilor), I can tell you that every small bore NRA qualification and target style (of which the named A-17, A-23, A-25, A-32, A-36, TQ-1, and TQ-5 are all used in some form or another) require that no optical sights be used.  As Tom T. said, iron sights of any type will teach the fundamentals far better than any scope can.  Separately, older versions of the requirements did specify iron sights but I can find no specification in the current edition.  Good luck.
Jan 29, 2014 - Richard Bowman
I have put a scopes on a couple of rifles I teach scouts with.   It allows the boys to see the effects of maintaining the sight picture, trigger control and breath control. The scope also allows for immediate feedback after they have taken a shot. It now typically takes less than ten shots to achieve groups that "can be covered by a quarter"  Before the scopes, Boys would burn through shot after shot and then having to stop and check targets just to find they were all over the place.  After they have achieved tight groups I will have them switch to iron sights with the challenge to shoot better than with the scope.

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