There are 15 questions. Select the best answer for each question.
1. Why should a victim in shock have their legs raised 6 to 12 inches?
Helps prevent bleeding in the legs
Supplies oxygen to the legs.
Increases blood supply to the body core
Lets passers by know there is a serious injury here
2. Which of these typically is NOT a cause of dehydration?
3. Dehydration should be treated by:
Have victim lay down in a dark room and force down as much water as he can consume
Keep victim warm and give only sips of water
Help victim stretch out cramped muscles and then do light exercise to resume blood circulation
Sit victim in a cool area and have him drink water
4. Hyperventilation symptoms are:
Breathing too fast and shallow
Breathing too fast and deep
Breathing too slow and shallow
Breathing too slow and deep
5. Besides coaching a hyperventilation victim to resume normal breathing, you should also have him...
Drink plenty of water
Breath into a paper bag
Lay on his back with his legs raised 6 to 12 inches
Count backwards from 100
6. While exploring a cave, someone scraped their scalp on the cave roof. What type of bandage should be used on this wound?
7. Which type of knot should be used when tying bandages over wounds?
8. A 'Cravat' is useful for all of these EXCEPT...
9. To reduce swelling of a sprained ankle in the wilderness, you should:
Apply a tourniquette around the calf
Soak the foot in a stream
Lace on a hiking boot as tightly as possible
Hike to the highest elevation around and massage the ankle for at least 30 minutes
10. How should you transport an unconscious victim from a smoke-filled room by yourself?
Place him on a blanket and drag it behind you as you crawl out
Use the fireman's carry
Roll him toward the door ahead of you
Hold his ankles and pull him
11. What is needed to make a 'stretcher carry'?
2 poles and a blanket
1 pole and 2 shirts
2 poles and 15 feet of rope
12. What are signs of a heart attack?
Sweating, chest pressure, nausea, dry mouth, nose bleed
Weakness, nausea, abdominal pain, ringing in ears, uncontrollable shaking
Chest pressure, sweating, weakness, nausea, shortness of breath
Nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, headache, nose bleed
13. The correct order of steps to prepare to perform CPR are:
Call 911, Open airway, Position victim, start CPR, Check responsiveness
Call 911, Check responsiveness, Position victim, Open airway, start CPR
Check responsiveness, Position victim, Open airway, Start CPR, Call 911
Check responsiveness, Call 911, Position victim, Open airway, start CPR
14. How would you reach emergency medical help on a wilderness trek?
Use a smokey fire to atract attention
Use a map and hike to location of closest ranger station or populated place
Use signaling mirrors to attract passing jet airplanes
Stay put and wait for someone to find your group
15. When should rescue breathing be used?
When a victim is unconscious and not breathing
When a victim is choking
When a victim goes into shock
When a victim gives you permisssion to do it
Knowing what to do and how to do it in cases of emergency and injury are signs of a good scout. Review your knowledge and be prepared to help when the need comes up. Good first aid skills are critical when on wilderness treks since professional medical aid may be hours or days away.